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It is Valium and, for its sole manufacturer, this pallid substance has yielded just about the richest harvest of profit of any single medicine in history. Some critics go as far as to say that it is doing more harm than good, or even deny that it is doing any good at all for the great majority of patients. It certainly subject to abuse, and one critic asserts that it has become the first choice of drug abusers.
Approval Date(s) and History, Letters, Labels, Reviews for NDA Original Approvals or Tentative Approvals. CSVExcelPrint. Action Date, Submission.
Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex. Diazepam is used to relieve symptoms of anxiety and alcohol withdrawal. This medicine may also be used to treat certain seizure disorders and help relax muscles or relieve muscle spasm. Diazepam is a benzodiazepine. Benzodiazepines belong to the group of medicines called central nervous system CNS depressants, which are medicines that slow down the nervous system.
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:. Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals.
For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully. Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of diazepam in children younger than 6 months of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established. Use of diazepam tablets is not recommended in children up to 6 months of age.
What Is Valium Most Commonly Cut With & Why?
Back to Medicines A to Z. It’s used to treat anxiety, muscle spasms and fits seizures. It’s also used in hospital to reduce alcohol withdrawal symptoms, such as sweating or difficulty sleeping. It can also be taken to help you relax before an operation or other medical or dental treatments. This is known as a “pre-med”. It comes as tablets, a liquid that you swallow, or in a rectal tube medicine that’s squeezed into your anus.
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Thirty-one cases were selected, and the daily sum of MVP dosages was calculated for each case for each of the 7 study days. This was valid since the starting dose 0. We sought to confirm our clinical impression that the patients aged 6m-2y required more MVP than younger or older patients by using the Mann-Whitney U-test for non-parametric comparisons. Thus, it appears that because of either behavioral or pharmacologic idiosyncrasy, patients aged 6m-2y often require double the dosage of MVP usual for younger or older patients.
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Rohypnol is illegal in the Unites States and in Canada, but is prescribed in some countries for insomnia that is unresponsive to other drugs, or for anesthesia before surgery. Benzodiazepines enhance the effect of the neurotransmitter a chemical produced by brain cells to communicate with each other gamma-aminobutyric acid GABA , which results in sedative, hypnotic sleep-inducing , anxiolytic anti-anxiety , muscle-relaxing and amnesic effects.
Different benzodiazepines have different strengths. Whereas Valium is mild enough to treat anxiety and insomnia, Rohypnol is 7 to 10 times more potent, with a rapid onset of action of 15 to 20 minutes, and a 4 to 6 hour duration. Moreover, Rohypnol causes significant anterograde amnesia, which means that the person given the drug loses partial or complete ability to recall events that happened after they take the drug. This amnesic property can be of use in minor surgeries where loss of memory can be beneficial because the patient would be less likely to remember the trauma or unpleasant procedure.
container would be expected to remain stable for an average of 57 months after their original expiration date. Some US Army studies on Valium, for example.
Generic Name: diazepam Product Name: Valium. Valium is used for anxiety. Anxiety or tension associated with the normal stress of everyday life usually does not require treatment with medicines. Valium can also be used to treat trembling, confusional states or anxiety associated with alcohol withdrawal. It is also used to treat panic attacks. Valium belongs to a group of medicines called benzodiazepines.
Benzodiazepines are not recommended as the only treatment of severe mental illnesses and should not be used alone to treat depression. In general, benzodiazepines such as Valium should be taken for short periods only around 2 to 4 weeks.
Many Medicines Are Potent Years Past Expiration Dates
Jump to content. You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to diazepam or similar medicines Klonopin, Xanax, and others , or if you have myasthenia gravis, severe liver disease, narrow-angle glaucoma, a severe breathing problem, or sleep apnea. Fatal side effects can occur if you use this medicine with opioid medicine, alcohol, or other drugs that cause drowsiness or slow your breathing.
Diazepam, first marketed as Valium, is a medicine of the benzodiazepine family that typically produces a calming effect. It is commonly used to treat a range of.
Diazepam , first marketed as Valium , is a medicine of the benzodiazepine family that typically produces a calming effect. Common side effects include sleepiness and trouble with coordination. Diazepam was patented in by Hoffmann-La Roche. Diazepam is mainly used to treat anxiety, insomnia, panic attacks and symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal. It is also used as a premedication for inducing sedation, anxiolysis, or amnesia before certain medical procedures e.
Benzodiazepines have a relatively low toxicity in overdose. Dosages should be determined on an individual basis, depending on the condition being treated, severity of symptoms, patient body weight, and any other conditions the person may have. Intravenous diazepam or lorazepam are first-line treatments for status epilepticus.
Diazepam gel was better than placebo gel in reducing the risk of non-cessation of seizures. The anticonvulsant effects of diazepam can help in the treatment of seizures due to a drug overdose or chemical toxicity as a result of exposure to sarin , VX , or soman or other organophosphate poisons , lindane , chloroquine , physostigmine , or pyrethroids. Diazepam is sometimes used intermittently for the prevention of febrile seizures that may occur in children under five years of age.
Because of its relatively long duration of action, and evidence of safety and efficacy, diazepam is preferred over other benzodiazepines for treatment of persons experiencing moderate to severe alcohol withdrawal. Diazepam is used for the emergency treatment of eclampsia , when IV magnesium sulfate and blood-pressure control measures have failed.
The use of rectal diazepam for the treatment of prolonged convulsions in children
Sponsored by GuildLink Pty Ltd. PDF Audio. Consumer Medicine Information. What is in this leaflet This leaflet answers some common questions about Valium.
Also, due to the amnesic properties of Valium, some individuals may use the medication as a “date rape drug.” Since Valium has such addictive potential, even.
Valium was launched 40 years ago. These are some of the withdrawal symptoms that have been reported by people who have become addicted to it since. Anxiety and panic attacks; excitability; jumpiness; insomnia; nightmares; agoraphobia; hallucinations; obsession; depression; paranoia; aggression; poor memory and concentration; headaches; pains; stiffness; fatigue; tics; electric shocks; dizziness; tinnitus; nausea; weight change; loss of libido; epileptic fits.
In , Haslam was working and studying 90 hours a week to become an accountant. He passed his exams but at a price: he had a nervous breakdown. He was prescribed tranquillizers, which helped for a while, and when they stopped working his prescription was increased. Soon anti-depressants were added to the mix, and then stronger drugs from Valium’s family, the benzodiazepines.
By , he was taking the equivalent of mg a day of Valium the standard starting dose is 6mg and had, he says, “turned from a quiet accountant into a monster”. He weaned himself off all the drugs over a period of 15 months. It was hell. But I woke up one morning and saw my wife for the first time in 10 years.
Diazepam, oral tablet
Jump to content. You should not receive this medicine if you have narrow-angle glaucoma, or untreated open-angle glaucoma. Using diazepam with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing can cause dangerous or life-threatening side effects. Tell your doctor if you regularly use a sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, prescription cough medicine, a muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures.
Do not drink alcohol shortly after receiving diazepam injection. Dangerous side effects or death could occur.
Article discusses controversy surrounding prescription of valium by physicians to relieve A partial explanation dates back to prehistory.
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What is the “Date Rape” Drug?
Food and Drug Administration FDA for use by a care partner outside of the medical setting for the acute treatment of intermittent, stereotypic episodes of frequent seizure activity i. We are excited that we can now offer this treatment option to patients and provide additional support to the epilepsy community. Intravail transmucosal absorption enhancement technology enables the non-invasive delivery of a broad range of protein, peptide and small molecule drugs.
In the United States, there are over 3.
VALIUM IN DATE RAPE. Valium has also been known for its use as a date rape drug. The PLoS One journal writes that diazepam is one of the benzodiazepines.
Valium is the brand name for diazepam, a prescription benzodiazepine that is used in the treatment of anxiety and seizures. It induces the brain to release a neurotransmitter that depresses the central nervous system, reducing the rate of electrical activity between neurons. This mechanism allows people who would otherwise suffer from panic attacks or seizures to find some measure of relief from their conditions.
Sometimes, illegal Valium is cut with other drugs to enhance the euphoric effects of the drug and to stretch dealer supplies to make more money. When Valium is taken as prescribed and with proper medical supervision, it can be a hugely beneficial drug. However, when Valium is taken without a legitimate medical need or if it is taken in large doses, too frequently, or in combination with other drugs, it can be a very dangerous substance.
People who have a psychological dependence on Valium for its anti-anxiety properties or who are compelled to engage in risky behavior might combine Valium with other substances — such as other depressants or central nervous stimulants — to experience an increased spectrum of results. In other cases, however, people who get Valium illegally — either off the internet or from a dealer — are trusting that the tablets they buy are diazepam.